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These cosmic rays collide with atoms in the atmosphere and can cause them to come apart.Neutrons that come from these fragmented atoms collide with C to be useful in age estimates.The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom determines the element.For example, all carbon atoms have 6 protons, all atoms of nitrogen have 7 protons, and all oxygen atoms have 8 protons.Carbon-14 is mostly used to date once-living things (organic material). Carbon-14 is constantly being added to the atmosphere.It cannot be used directly to date rocks; however, it can potentially be used to put time constraints on some inorganic material such as diamonds (diamonds could contain carbon-14). Cosmic rays from outer space, which contain high levels of energy, bombard the earth’s upper atmosphere.This is a critical assumption in the dating process.If this assumption is not true, then the method will give incorrect dates. If the production rate of C in a specimen difficult or impossible to accurately determine. Willard Libby, the founder of the carbon-14 dating method, assumed this ratio to be constant.
Genesis 1 defines the days of creation to be literal days (a number with the word “day” always means a normal day in the Old Testament, and the phrase “evening and morning” further defines the days as literal days).Many people have been led to believe that radiometric dating methods have proved the earth to be billions of years old.This has caused many in the church to reevaluate the biblical creation account, specifically the meaning of the word “day” in Genesis 1.With our focus on one particular form of radiometric dating—carbon dating—we will see that carbon dating strongly supports a young earth.Note that, contrary to a popular misconception, carbon dating is not used to date rocks at millions of years old.