The bible and dating unbelievers
“Then he cried out against the altar by the word of the Lord, and said, ‘O altar, altar! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the Lord for the potter” (Zech. “For you put up with fools gladly, since you yourselves are wise! In hyperbole, the writer or speaker exaggerates to create a strong effect. “And there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if they were written one by one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that would be written” (John ). “Unless the Lord had been my help, my soul would soon have settled in silence” (Ps. Litotes Litotes involves belittling or the use of a negative statement to affirm a truth. “Uzzah put out [his hand] to the ark of God and took hold of it, for the oxen stumbled” (2 Sam. “His hand” must be supplied to complete the thought.“Every one could sling a stone at a hair’s breadth and not miss” (Judg. “I am weary with my groaning; all night I make my bed swim; I drench my couch with my tears” (Ps. “Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me remove the speck out of your eye’; and look, a plank is in your own eye? Also see Numbers ; Deuteronomy ; Psalm 1; Matthew -30. “He will not always strive [with us], nor will He keep [His anger] forever” (Ps. “For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we also shall be [in the likeness] of [His] resurrection” (Rom. Also see 1 Chronicles 16:7; Psalm 137:5; Ezekiel ; Hebrews 7:8.In a synecdoche, a part is used for a whole, or a whole is used for a part. “And I will say to my soul, ‘Soul, you have many goods laid up for many years; take your ease; eat, drink, and be merry’” (Luke ). “Does not wisdom cry out, and understanding lift up her voice? “Then I will take away My hand, and you shall see My back; but My face shall not be seen” (Exod. “He who touches you touches the apple of His eye” (Zech. Also see Exodus 15:8; Psalm 91:4; Isaiah -11; John . “No doubt you are the people, and wisdom will die with you! “Go and cry out to the gods which you have chosen; let them deliver you in your time of distress” (Judg. “Come to Bethel and transgress, at Gilgal multiply transgression; bring your sacrifices every morning, your tithes every three days” (Amos 4:4-5). And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it” (John 1:4-5). “But also for this very reason, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue, to virtue knowledge, to knowledge self-control, to self-control perseverance, to perseverance godliness, to godliness brotherly kindness, and to brotherly kindness love” (2 Pet. “And Saul had a concubine, whose name [was] Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah. The words “was” and “Ishbosheth” are italicized in the translation because they are not in the Hebrew text.“All flesh had corrupted their way on the earth” (Gen. Apostrophe is a figure of speech in which an exclamation is addressed to an object as if it were a person. “‘Throw it to the potter’--that princely price they set on me. Also see Deuteronomy ; Job 38:4-5; Isaiah ; John ; 2 Corinthians ; . “Our friend Lazarus sleeps, but I go that I may wake him up” (John ). “From which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place” (Acts ). Also see Leviticus 18:6; 2 Kings ; Ecclesiastes 12:2-7; John . “And not only that, but we also glory in tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces perseverance; and perseverance, character; and character, hope. So [Ishbosheth] said to Abner, ‘Why have you gone in to my father’s concubine? They were added to complete the sense of the passage.“There is one God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith” (Rom. In this metonomy, “circumcision” and “uncircumcision” is another way of saying “Jew” and Gentile.” “Then Jerusalem, all Judea, and all the region around the Jordan went out to him and were baptized by him in the Jordan” (Matt. It was not the city of Jerusalem that moved, but the people who lived in it. “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God” (2 Tim. “All Scripture” is used for every part of Scripture. Personification is a figure of speech which takes a human characteristic and applies it to an object, quality, or idea. “Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about its own things” (Matt. Also see Leviticus ,28; Matthew 6:3; Romans 10:6; 1 Corinthians -16. “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! Irony is an expression that denotes the opposite of what is meant by the words themselves. “I am a Jew from Tarsus, in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city” (Acts ). Pleonasm is a figure that uses an excessive number of words for the sake of emphasis. The literal expression is “from the face of his brothers.” “And it came to pass in those days” (Mark 1:9). Also see Genesis 38:1,24,28; 42:2; Exodus ; 2 Kings 20:1; 1 John 1:8. “Blessed” is repeated through the beatitudes in Matthew 5:3-11. This figure lists a series of actions or qualities and repeats each one.Also see Genesis ; Proverbs ; Matthew ; Luke ; Ephesians . “Destruction and Death say, ‘We have heard a report about it with our ears’” (Job ). Anthropomorphism is a figure of speech which takes a human characteristic and applies it to God. Let Your ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications” (Ps. “No one is able to snatch them out of My Father’s hand” (John ). “Open your doors, O Lebanon, that fire may devour your cedars. “And so it was, at noon, that Elijah mocked them and said, ‘Cry aloud, for he is a god; either he is meditating, or he is busy, or he is on a journey, or perhaps he is sleeping and must be awakened’” (1 Kings ). “Yet the chief butler did not remember Joseph, but forgot him” (Gen. The redundant “but forgot him” adds force to the statement. The emphatic “and it came to pass” is common in the Old and New Testaments. Emphasis is gained by a number of techniques that repeat the same word, phrase, or sentence. “What the chewing locust left, the swarming locust has eaten; what the swarming locust left, the crawling locust has eaten; and what the crawling locust left, the consuming locust has eaten” (Joel 1:4; cf. “In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. Ellipsis refers to the omission of one or more words that must be supplied by the reader to complete the thought.The seven “I am” statements of Jesus in the Gospel of John are all metaphors. Also see Psalm 23:1; Jeremiah ; Luke ; Revelation .In metonomy, the name of one object or concept is used for another because of an association or similarity between the two.
“The Lord is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer” (2 Sam. “We are His people and the sheep of His pasture” (Ps. “And other sheep I have which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and they will hear My voice; and there will be one flock and one shepherd” (John ). “I am the true vine, and My father is the vinedresser” (John 15:1).
As we read, interpret, and seek to apply the truths of Scripture, we must be careful not to overlook this artistic dimension, or we will miss an important part of enjoying the Bible.
In this section, we will take a brief look at the literary forms found in the pages of Scripture, including figurative language, narrative history, poetry, wisdom literature, prophetic literature, gospel, oratory, and epistle.
If the joke must be explained, it loses its impact.
In a similar way, a parable must be “caught” by the hearer.
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The story parables (e.g., the good Samaritan, the prodigal son, the workers in the vineyard, the rich man and Lazarus, the wise and foolish virgins) are all designed to elicit a response from the hearers.